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  Title Carbon dioxide transport infrastructure key learning and critical issues
  Author(s) James Watt  
  Abstract CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE is acknowledged as one of the key technologies in carbon dioxide abatement. Whilst not a permanent solution, it can enable the continued use of hydrocarbon based power generation and reduce emissions from industrial processes. This is critical in decarbonizing whilst renewable and cleaner energy sources come online to resolve the issues around energy security and security of supply.

Transportation of carbon dioxide in a CCS scheme is critically important but has not been well addressed. While increasing attention is paid to storage and capture technology, transportation issues still lag behind. In particular, storage assessments and research increases and demonstration projects drive capture technology development. Shipping is rising as a potential solution and more consideration is being given to the impact of clusters and networks.

The amount of carbon dioxide pipelines is approximately 6000km globally, the majority of which are in North America. Compared to other pipeline distances for natural or hydrocarbon pipelines, this is a relatively small experience base. Systems that do exist are also different. The majority of pipelines are installed for the purposes of enhanced oil recovery, often using natural sources. There are anthropogenic sources, but not many. Whilst pipeline design is common practice, the concern – if any – is the fluid being transferred and the dynamics of the system. In such a new field set for rapid growth industry needs to understand and make use of what experience is available and transferable and, more importantly, identify the gaps.

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